Plant based remedies for the treatment of rheumatism among six tribal communities in Malappuram district, Kerala
Chithra M, Geetha SP
This paper provides information about the ethnomedicines practiced by the six tribal communities viz, Arnadan, Cholanaikkan, Kattumakkan, Kuruman, Muthuvan and Paniya tribes of Malappuram District, Kerala state for the treatment of Rheumatism. In this survey, 73 species distributed in 45 botanical families, used as antirheumatic herbal remedies, were collected and identified. Their Latin names, local names, local medicinal uses, the used parts of the plant and the preparations and the mode of administration are described. It is noted that out of 73 plant species used for treating rheumatism, the mode of administration was varied according to plant and tribe. The present communication highlights the indigenous knowledge of very primitive tribes like Cholanaikkans to tribes outside or nearer to forest Arnadans. It is evident from the present communication that these plants and the treatments are not only useful for tribal people but also for public, due to its safety, efficacy and low cost.