Vol. 1, Issue 5 (2016)
Agro-diversity and ethno-botanical distribution: A case study of Tarikhet Block, Kumaun Himalaya
Author(s): Naveen Chandra Pandey, Neha Chopra, G. C. Joshi, Lalit M Tewari
Abstract: Agro biodiversity play an important role in sustaining and strengthening food, nutrition and health and livelihood security all over the world. The study was conducted to document the agro-diversity and ethno-botanical distribution of Tarikhet block, Kumaun Hiamalya. A structured questionnaire survey, data on different aspect of agriculture diversity and ethno-botanical distribution were obtained. The present study showed 112 landraces including 82 plant species belonging to 64 genera and 31 families, which occupy a total of 105.5 ha land, could be revealed. Of the total 82 species, vegetables exhibited maximum diversity (28%) followed by fruits (25%), pulses (17%), spices (16%) and millets (6%) cereals (4%), and oils (4%). Total extent of crop coverage, maximum area covered by cereals (71.79±1.81 ha) and minimum area covered by oil (0.8±0.10 ha). Out of 31 families recorded, eight dominant families are Fabaceae (15 species), Cucurbitaceae, Poaceae (8 species each), Brassicaceae (7 species), Rosaceae (5 species), Solanaceae, Rutaceae (4 species each), Moraceae (3 species). Within the documented species, herbs (73%) cover the maximum number of species and shrub (1%) covers the minimum number of species. For each species, scientific and vernacular name, ethno-botanical values of species (Food, fodder, medicinal, fibre, fuel, religious, oils and spices) was provided.