Comparative analysis of impact of agricultural practices on yield of cereals adopted by Agri-farms and rural peasants of Tehsil Barnala District Bhimber Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Mubsher Mazher, Dr. M. Ishtiaq, Waheeda Mushtaq, Tanveer Bashir
This study was conducted to investigate impact and significance of agri-farms in comparison with conventional farming system used by local peasants. In this exploration, two model agri-farms: “Heer farm” and “Seengri farm” managed by agriculture department, were selected for study from subdivision Barnala, District Bhimber Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. In analysis, a comparative study designed for assessing local farming practices and know impact its on the yield of cereals. In the analysis, indigenous 30 farmers from neighboring vicinity of each agri-farm region were randomly selected and interviewed using structured and semi-structured using questionnaire methodology. The microstatistical tool Data Matrix Ranking (DMR) showed Triticum vulgare L. being 1st in rank. Arachis hypogaea L. being 4th in DMR. It was noticed that departmental agri-farms were practicing proper scientific practices and local farmer were not practicing appropriate techniques due to lack of adequate knowledge and unavailability of latest hybrid seeds. Due to such differences in agricultural practices agri-farms produced higher yield as compared to yield of local farmers. Yield of T. vulgare in “Heer farm” was 226.66±0.88 kg/kanal and that of local farmers was 189.66±0.33 kg/kanal. “Seengri farm” yield of Pennisetum typhoidium was 153.56±0.26 kg/kanal whereas conventional farmers of neighboring area of Seengri were having 109.33±0.33 kg/kanal. This analysis depicted that unawareness, unavailability of latest technological tools, good seeds were main hindrances in obtaining better yield. There must be some immediate measures conducted to provide good resources (Seeds), technological tools, fertilizers and novel agriculture practices’ education to masses/ peasants of the area to bring agricultural revolution so that economy of the farmers, area and country may be uplifted.