Vol. 2, Issue 1 (2017)
Ethnobotany in the Amazon floodplain ecosystem: a case study, Quilombo Saracura, Pará, Brazil
Author(s): Patricia Chaves de Oliveira, Suellen Cavalcante
Abstract: In the Amazon Biome, ethnobotany is a fundamental tool for the study of interrelations between man and vegetation in contexts of conquest of territories. In order to value the traditional knowledge of afro-descendent peoples regarding the use of local flora, this research aimed to do an ethnobotanical diagnosis in the quilombola community of Saracura, a lowland ecosystem in the Amazon River, State of Pará, Brazil. Thirty-two families interviewed through semi-structured questionnaires. The results revealed thirty-three species that fit into seven different categories of use. The catauarizeiro (Crataeva tapia L.) was the most cited species (56%) and the Brazil nut (Lecythis pisonis Cambess) the species with the highest Value of Use (1.0). The plants for food use, represented the majority of all diagnosed plants, being the fruit, the most used part. There was greater diversity (H '= 1.43) of food use plants and higher Equitability (J' = 0.97) in plants used for shading and medicinal use (J '= 0.96). The ethnobotanical knowledge of the quilombo Saracura is rich, diverse and passive of protection for the future generations in the processes of conquest of quilombola identity.