Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2017)
In vitro evaluation of Ocimum sanctum against ten fungal pathogens
Author(s): Satish Sharma, Reeti Singh, RK Pandya, Arvinder Kaur
Abstract: Sacred basil (Ocimum sanctum) Syn. Ocimum tenuiflorus known as “Tulsi” is a well-known sacred plant of the Hindus, widely used in religious rites since vedic times. It contains active ingredients such as alkaloids, enzymes and other inorganic elements. With a view to assess the fungitoxicity of Ocimum sanctum against the fungal pathogens. Ocimum sanctum leaves was evaluated in the form of crude (10%), powdered (10%), boiled (10%) and ethanol (1%) extracts against ten fungal pathogens viz., Rhizoctonia solani, R. bataticola, Phoma sorghina, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Fusarium oxysporium f.sp. pallidoroseum, F. oxysporium f.sp. ciceri, Sclerotium rolfsii, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Alternaria solani and A. alternate. The growth of the species of Phoma sorghina, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceri, and Fusarium oxysporium f.sp. pallidoroseum was more effectively inhibited under its crude form than the other four forms, while the powdered form of Ocimum sanctum leaf extract was found more suitable for the control of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum.