Vol. 2, Issue 4 (2017)
Environmental assessment of mycoflora associated with spoilage of some common fruits at Shahdol (M.P.)
Author(s): Saurabh Madan, Ramsiya Sharma, Santosh Kumar Mishra
Abstract: Survey of fruit market of Shahdol was done from July 2007 to June 2008 to collect useful information about spoilage of fruits from stockists and resellers of fruits to obtain fungal spoilage of four selected common fruits in the market of Shahdol city of M.P. Periodic sampling from the common fruits depicted variable intensity of fungal flora. Fungal fruit spoilage of four selected fruits was studied and all 32 spoilage fungi were observed within 20 genera. The most common fungi found were Alternaria alternate, Botryodiplodia theobromae, and Fusarium moniliforme. Among these species Alternaria alternata, fusarium moniliforme, Phomopsis viticola and Botryodiplodia theobromae were responsible for extensive spoilage in all four common fruits at Shahdol city. Isolated fungi showed positive pathogenesis. Results showed highest total percentage disease incidence in mango during rainy season. Extreme environmental conditions (i.e. High temperature and high related humidity) showing increased percent disease incidence. Therefore this study gives a brief account of mycoflora associated with spoilage of some common fruits at Shahdol city.