Vol. 2, Issue 6 (2017)
Distribution of some annual and perennial plants in BHEL area of Bhopal
Author(s): Fayaz Akhter Daing, Muzafer Hussain Dar, SD Singh
Abstract: Natural resources play a vital role in supporting life and maintaining of ecosystem. Bhopal is the capital city of Madhya Pardesh and central part of India. The present study was carried out at the BHEL area of Bhopal with the purpose of collecting and recording of annual and perennial plants from this region. For this purpose field surveys were carried especially during flowering and fruiting seasons. In the present study about 20 field visits were carried to different places of BHEL region of Bhopal. During the present survey about 20 plants under 12 families and 20 genera were recorded from different localities throughout the study area. In the present investigation the dominant family Fabaceae recorded maximum number of 8 species fallowed by oxalidaceae 2 where as family primulaceae, rubiaceae, orobanchaceae, scorphulariaceae, mimosaceae, diplerocarpaceae, burseraceae, moringaceae, combretaceae and caesalpiniaceae which recorded 1 species each. Out of 20 plants collected and recorded from the study, the plants were distributed as 10 trees, and 10 herbs. The present study shows that the study area has rich biodiversity, however the previous literature reports that some of the species have become extinct from this area which may be due to the anthropogenic activities and indiscriminate cutting and felling of trees in this area. Therefore the study of flora and its proper management is need of hour of this region for the protection of its biodiversity before the species from this region becomes extinct.