Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2018)
Diversity of nectariferous and polleniferous honeybee flora found in Chittur Taluk of Palakkad district India for commercial apiculture
Author(s): V Priya, Abiya Raichal A
Abstract: Bees convert nectar into honey by adding of an enzyme which breaks down the complex sugars into simple sugars. The honeybees and plant are correlated to each other. According to Einstein, without bees humans will die in four years. So honeybees are very important for plants and humans. They are benefited in plants for nectar and pollen as food in return we are getting double benefit by honey and cross pollination. Cross pollination is main process for production of crops, honey also play vital role in society for therapeutic, medicinal and beauty treatments. Flowers are the main stay of bee’s life. The bees are depended on flowering plants for food in the form of pollen and nectar. The present work was performed to study the diversity of nectariferous and polleniferous honeybee flora found in Chitturthaluk of Palakkad to prosper commercial apiculture. The bee flora were visited and noticed for the presence of honeybees. The results have shown that 52 plant species were useful to honeybees, I have segregated the 52 plant species into three groups they are as follows agricultural crops, ornamental plants and wild plants. Out of which 20 were agricultural crops, 21 were ornamental plants and 11 were wild plants. The study area is typical cultivation area most of the cultivation is Musa species. The cultivation will go on for the whole year, in that cultivation crops most cultivating crop is Musa speciesand it have good nectar content based on the availability and flowering duration of bee flora.