Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2018)
Physicochemical and Preliminary Phytochemical standard of leaves of Skimmia anquetilia
Author(s): Vijender Kumar, Viney, IA Chashoo, ZA Bhat
Abstract: Skimmia anquetilia (Rutaceae) is an evergreen shrub. They originate from the Himalayas in Kashmir in India and spread right across south-east Asia, China and Japan. The current communication attempts to evaluate the physicochemical and preliminary phytochemical studies on the leaves of Skimmia anquetilia. This study would be of enormous value in the pharmacognostical identification and standardization of the drug in crude form and would help to distinguish the drug from its other species. The percentage of total ash value, acid insoluble ash value, water soluble ash value and sulphated ash value were obtained as 16.86, 4.38, 10.66 and 8.11% respectively. Fluorescence characters of different extracts with various reagents were noted under UV (shorter wavelength-254nm and longer wavelength- 365nm) and under normal ordinary light. Loss of weight on drying and foreign organic matters was found as 4.28 and 0.21 % w/w respectively. The percentage yield of successive leaf extracts using different solvents as petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol and distilled water were found as 6.06%, 4.40%, 3.18%, 18.54%, and 17.16% w/w respectively. The preliminary phytochemical screening was carried out for the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, carbohydrate glycosides, tannins, terpeniods, phenol, steroids and saponins for different extracts of leaves of Skimmia anquetilia. The present study provides referential information for proper identification and standardization of this plant material.