Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2018)
Diversity of mangroves in Goa, central west cost of India
Author(s): Vaibhav B Wakle, Arjun V Khomne, Arvind S Dhabe
Abstract: Indian mangrove vegetation covers about 6,749 km2 along the 7516.6 km. long coast line. Goa is a small state situated along the central western coast of India. Encompasses an area of 3,702 km2 (1,429 sq. miles). It lies between the latitudes N 14°53'54'' and N 15°40'00'' and longitudes E 73°40'33'' and E 74°20'13''. The highest point is the Sonsog with an altitude of 1,167 meters (3,829 ft). Goa has a coastline of 101 km. The present study documents the diversity of true mangroves and mangroves associates, in Goa selected sites are Zuari, Mandovi, Chapora, Terekhol, Talpona, Galgibag and Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary. For this several field tours of short and long duration during Jan 2015 to Dec 2017 were conducted. These places are far from one another and the mangrove species diversity varies from one place to another, due to factors such as climate, tidal factors and anthropogenic pressures. Sixteen true mangrove floral species were observed along the sea coast in saline swamp and the adjacent regions at the study sites. This paper deals the need of present study to gain knowledge and distribution about the mangrove flora in order to help conservation of mangrove ecosystem.