Evaluation of antifungal effects and seed growth using bio-formulation
Jeemeesh P Patel, Kalpeshkumar B Ishnava, Ritu B Dixit
Fungal infection in the crop disease is major problem in world wide. Many plants are claimed to possess the antibiotic properties in the traditional system and are also used extensively by the tribal people worldwide. Plants have been known to relieve various diseases in Ayurveda. Today are emphasizing on evaluation and characterization of various plants and plant constituents against several diseases based on their traditional claims of the plants given in Ayurveda. Till now many plant materials are been used to form bio formulation which cure fungal infection in variety of plants. The plants selected for study were Nicotiana tabacum, Azadirachta indica and Datura metel of leavesand cow dung, cow urine, buttermilk and distilled water used for bio formulation. Total 15 Bio-formulations were prepared and investigated for their antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger, Sclerotium rolfsii and Penicillium sp. It was observed that formulation F13 and F15 showed good antifungal activity compared to other prepared formulations. Bio formulations were performed on Pearl millet (Bajra), Vigna radiata (Mung bean), Cicer arietinum (Chana), Zea mays (Makai) and morphologicalparameters were analyzed, results obtained showed that F13 and F15 formulation shows remarkable plants growth of Bajra, Mung, Chickpea and Maize in 15 days. All samples had performed better than the control. It is possible to establish a small working business in pilot scale primarily for providing effective and improved eco-friendly variety of seeds for better agriculture product that may also be useful for further research.