International Journal of Botany Studies


ISSN: 2455-541X

Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2019)

Study the effect of fungal filtrate Cladosporium sphaerospermum on production of vital it in Chicks compounds and the possibility of biodegradation

Author(s): Majeed M Dewan, Ahmed A Abdullah, Aqeel N AL-Abedy
Abstract: This study was carried out in the veterinary hospital-Kufa in order to study the fungal isolates filtrate of Cladosporium spaerospermum in Al-Najaf governorate on the production of vital compounds and their effect on chicks, and the effect of biodegradation by using the biological agents. The results of the filtrate analysis of the two isolates C. sphaerospermum showed a difference in the production of vital compounds. The fungal filtrate isolates of C1 were given the vital compounds H24O2, C13H24O2, C18H34O2, C14H30O3S, C12H24, C14H29I, C14H26O4, C10H21I, C13H28, C13H28, C10H21I, C13H28. While the fungal filtrate isolate of C2 was given the vital compounds H2O2, C17H32O2, C18H34O2, C11H21BrO2, C27H44O4. The results showed that the internal organs of broiler chicks were affected after 28 days of treatment with two isolates of C1 and C2 isolates. The results showed that the isolates filtrate had an effective effect on the internal organs of the broiler chicks after the filtrate of two isolates, after the oral administration of the isolates filtrate, where the treatment of isolates filtrate C. sphaerospermum significant effects in the weight of liver, kidney and heart compared to the treatment of control. The treatment of isolate filtrate of C1 gave the rate of increase in weight of liver, kidney and heart amounted 4.66 and 1.76 and 0.79 g respectively, while the treatment of isolate filtrate of C2 gave weights rates of 3.66 and 1.26 and 0.77 g respectively, compared to control treatment, which gave weights of 2.78 and 0. 68 and 0.53 g, respectively. The treatment of fungal growth to fungal filtrate showed significant differences in the weight values of internal organs when compared to the treatment of the growth of fungal filtrate alone, which did not differ from control treatment. The treatment of growth P. ostreatus fungi showed a significant improvement in liver, kidney and heart weights amounted 3, 1.13 and 0.63 g, respectively. The treatment of growth P. ostreatus isolate filtrate fungi of C2 showed also a significant improvement in liver, kidney and heart weights. 3.01, 0.68 and 0.53 g, respectively. The results showed that fungus filtrate had an effective role in the effect, and the effects of the treatment with fungal filtrate vary in the manner of oral administration in the effectiveness of enzymes. The treatment of fungal isolates filtrate C. sphaerospermum showed significant effects in GOT, GPT and ALP compared to the rest of the treatments. The treatment with the C1 fungus gave GOT, GPT, and ALP a mean of 60.31, 4.5 and 22.4 respectively, while the treatment of filtrate fungus C2 82.12, 4.9 and 26.89, respectively, compared with control treatment, which gave 102.6, 9.3 and 30.91, respectively. Fungi play an important role in the biodegradation of fungal filtrate. The treatment of fungus growth to fungal filtrate showed a significant differences in enzyme activity when compared with the treatment of fungal filtrate alone, which did not differ from the control treatment. The treatment of the fngus growth of P. ostreatus fungi to the fungus filtrate of C1 led a significant improvement amounted 90.12, 6.2 and 28.23 respectively, while the treatment of growth of P. ostreatus fungi to the fungal filtrate of C2 showed a significant improvement amounted 99.11, 9 and 28.07 respectively. The results showed that the fungal isolates filtrate of C. sphaerospermum has an effective role in influencing the blood picture parameters. The effect of the treatment with the fungal filtrate varies with the oral administration method on the blood picture parameters in the broiler chick compared to the rest of the treatments. The treatment of fungal filtrate of C1 gave a decrease in RBC, PCV and Hb amounted 2.1, 22.62 and 5.11 respectively, while the treatment of fungal filtrate of C2 gave values of 2.13, 27.33 and 5.96, respectively, compared to the control treatment, which gave values of 2.95, 38.55 and 10.1 Respectively. The fungal isolate filtrate of C1 caused an increase in WBC amounted 30.11 while the treatment of fungal isolate filtrate of C2 gave a value of 28.6 while the control treatment was given 23.13. The fungus also played an important role in the biodegradation of vital compounds of the fungal filtrate where the treatment of growth fungi showed a significant difference in the weight rates of internal organs when compared to the treatment of growth of fungal filtrate alone, which did not differ from the treatment of control. The treatment of growth of P. ostreatus fungi to fungal filtrate of C1 resulted in a significant improvement of 2.85, 35, 9 and 23.01 respectively. The treatment of growth of P. ostreatus fungi to the fungal filtrate of C2 showed significantly improved reached 2.3, 35.66, 7.09 and 23.33, respectively.
Pages: 98-103  |  349 Views  85 Downloads
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