Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2019)
Ethno-veterinary practices used for treatment of various ailments in hilly areas of melagah valley district swat KPK, Pakistan
Author(s): Noor Muhammad, Niaz Ali, Nisar Uddin
Abstract: Ethno veterinary knowledge provides the folk medicines of livestock that are inexpensive than standard treatment and are easily accessible. In the current investigational research work from forty eight plants belonging to thirty families are described, these plants were used commonly as ethno medicine for treatment of various ailments in livestock. Dominated medicinal plants with most used values were Aesculus indica having values as (UVi= 0.792), Ajuga bracteosa Wall. Ex Benth (0.791), Allium cepa (0.788), Allium sativum (0.786), Aloe vera auct. Non Mill (0.7851), Artemisia scoparia (0.7842), Berberis lyceum Royle (0.7823). Based on the RFC values, the most cited medicinal plant species by the traditional drivers are Aesculus indica having (RFCs = 0.981), Ajuga bracteosa Wall. Ex Benth (0.9761), CI% results shown that most respondents percentage was for Aesculus indica (CI%= 79.321%), followed by Ajuga bracteosa Wall. Ex Benth (78.923%), The ethno medicinal plant species with highest fidelity level was of Aesculus indica cited 100% for Anti-helminthic, dry cough. Some other medicinal plant species with most fidelity level were Ajuga bracteosa Wall. Ex Benth (FL%= 97.91%), Allium cepa (92.34%), Allium sativum (87.13%), Aloe vera auct. Non Mill (84.661%) Artemisia scoparia (83.521) and Berberis lyceum Royle (80.697) etc, for various disorders, Informant consensus factor (FIC) ranged from 0.782 to 1, Different diseases viz. Anoxia, Anti-helminthic, Eye diseases, Flatulence and Stomachic, fracture pain, Pediculosis, Rheumatism and Vermifuge had maximum FIC value. It has been concluded that the People of study area deeply dependent on medicinal plants for the treatment of variety of livestock’s ailments.