Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2019)
Floristic composition, utility and diversity of plants of ghoriwala, District Bannu, KP, Pakistan
Author(s): Farmanullah Jan, Fazal Hadi, Fayaz Asad, Sajjad Ali, Muhammad Nauman Khan, Tabassum Yaseen, Muhammad Ibrahim, Akhtar Zaman
Abstract: The current work comprised of 115 species belonging to 43 families in which only 1 family were Pteridophytic 42 families were Angiospermic (6 Monocots, 36 Dicots). On the basis of highest number of species family Poaceae was the dominant comprised on 11 species (9.565%) followed by Solanaceae 9 species (7.826%) and Fabaceae 8 species (6.956%). Plant habit class (Table 2-A, Fig 1) suggested that 71 species (61.73%) were Herbs followed by Tree 27 species (23.47%), 9 species (7.826%) were Shrub and 8 species (6.956%) were Climbers. Life form class (Table 2-B, Fig 2) showed that therophytes were the dominant class had 66 species (57.39%), followed by megaphanerophytes 19 species (16.52%). Leaf size class (Table 2-C, Fig 3) observed that Nanophyll were the dominant class had 43 species (37.39%), followed by microphyll 41 species (35.65%). Ethnobotanical study revealed that 21 species were used as Fruit, 19 species were Vegetable, 12 species were Ornamental, 18 species were Fodder, 13 species were Fuel, 30 species were Medicinal, 7 species were Timber, 10 species were Thatching, 37 species were Food, and 9 species were spices/condiment (Table 3, Fig 4). This is the first work which has been done for the first time in village Ghoriwala District Bannu, through this work, specific data were observed and can be used as a reference for future studies.