Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2019)
Floristic survey of plants in natural and cultivated ecosystem in thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India
Author(s): Dr. A Rajesh, Dr. A Sarvalingam, Dr. SR Pholtan Rajeev
Abstract: Traditionally known as “Pearl City” on account of the prevailing Pearl fish in the past in the area, Thoothukudi. There are no large reservoirs in this district so the Papanasam and Manimuthar dams located in the Tirunelveli district in the Thamirabarani River's flow are the main sources of irrigation. Thoothukudi District is divided into three revenue divisions and eight talukas. There are forty-one revenue firkas and 480 revenue villages. Paddy is the most cultivated crop and other pulses are raised in the dry areas. Cotton, Groundnut Sugarcane and Plantain (Banana) and Betel were cultivated in Thoothukudi. Also vegetables like tomato, chillies, brinjal, lady’s finger, beans are cultivated and Main business of some area is dry chilly, cholam, cumbu wood charcoal, etc. in this research selected specific area included for plant resource check listing by direct filed visits. According to that data collected result showed as family of plants were; Fabaceae- 22, Euphorbiaceae-15, Malvaceae- 11, Amaranthaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Poaceae were 10, etc families out of total 61 families. Taxonomical classification was obtain as; 36.9% of Herb (76), 16.5% of Shrub (34), 14.6% of Tree (30), 13.6% of Climber (28), 12.6% Creeper (26) and grass, aquatic plants, parasite & cactus were less than 05 plants among 206 plants. Finally concluded as; Thoothukudi is disseminated with natural plant sources with occupied in nearby sea site. It is whispered that the flowering plant possessions of the Thoothukudi area provides a comprehensive and checklist of the floristic diversity which will serve as an organized reference for scientists and policy makers. The flowering plants can underwrite to the income of the rural peoples and can engender employment as well as income especially for poor people in the rural areas. These plants provide food and shelter for domestic animals as well as food and household products for human and contribute to socio-economic upliftment of the people.