Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2020)
Fakhar E Punjab (YSH-95): A high-yielding dual-purpose indigenous sorghum hybrid
Author(s): Dilbar Hussain, Aamer Mumtaz, Muhammad Saeed, Muhamamd Arshad, Muhammad Ihsan Ullah, Muhammad Irfan Yousaf, Aamir Ghani, Javed Iqbal, Asrar Mahboob
Abstract: In Pakistan, milk and meat production potential remains limited despite the country’s good ranking. Sorghum is a good substitute for maize and other crops used for poultry feed and livestock fodder, owing to its high carbohydrate and protein concentration. Hybrids have higher potential than varieties, but because of the lack of suitable indigenous hybrids, a new hybrid, YSH-95, was developed with high grain and stalk yields, high brix, and high tolerance to foliar diseases. This hybrid was submitted to the national expert subcommittee and approved with the name Fakhar e Punjab. The hybrid was constituted from a CMS line and restorer lines received from the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), India, in Kharif (spring sowing season) 2000 and planted at the Maize and Millet Research Institute (MMRI), Yusafwala, Sahiwal, Pakistan. This sorghum hybrid has a potential grain yield of 6500 kg/ha, which is higher than the local check variety YS-16 and the Lasani commercial check hybrid. Fakhar e Punjab performed better in varietal yield trials, and in adaptability and national uniform yield trials during 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018. Fakhar e Punjab also proved superior in stalk yield to the local check and the commercial check in varietal yield trials. Fakhar e Punjab has an intermediate maturity time (118 to 123 days), which is shorter than the local check YS-16, and is suitable for medium soil. Fakhar e Punjab is currently the best-performing hybrid recommended by the Punjab Seed Council owing to its medium height, sweetness, high grain and stalk yield, and ability to stay green at maturity.