International Journal of Botany Studies

ISSN: 2455-541X

Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2020)

Ethnomedicinal, phytochemical and pharmacological properties of Mangifera indica L: A review

Author(s): Gyanranjan Mahalik, Pallavi Jali, Sabuj Sahoo, Kunja Bihari Satapathy
Abstract: Mangifera indica L. is a substantial evergreen tree which comprises of around 30 species of tropical fruiting tree of family Anacardiaceae. It is cultivated on a region of approximately 3.7 million ha worldwide and vanquishes the second position as a tropical yield, in term of production. Attributable to rich medicinal properties, Mangifera indica generally known as Mango (Aam) has a long history of utilization in the home as an herbal remedy since old times. Different parts of the plant have been utilized for curing different illnesses. Mangifera indica is a natural product as well as an important medicinal plant. The leaves have been accounted for to contain saponins, glycosides, sterols, polyphenols, mangiferine and tannins and so on. It is traditionally known to be valuable for the treatment of different ailments like urinary tract infections, diuretic, throat disease, Malaria, Skin infection, dysentery, diarrhea, bums, scalds etc. Mangifera indica possesses anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, gastro protective and several potential pharmacological activities. This review deals with phytochemical, pharmacological and ethno medicinal activities of this medicinal plant and it also gives steady confirmation about the therapeutic effects using herbal drugs as a therapeutic agent might have to reduce the economic burden due to easy availability in nature it also help to reduce side effect of various allopathic medicines.
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