Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2020)
Phyto-pharmacognostical and physicochemical evaluation of Gmelina arborea Roxb. flower
Author(s): Saveena Chauhan, Vd BR Patel, Preeti Pandya, VJ Shukla
Abstract: Flowers are the essential chunk of the plant. It becomes pretty simple to identify the plant on the basis of flowers. They are widely used in system of medicine. The Gmelina arborea Roxb. is one of the most significant plant reputed for its different properties and uses in the Ayurvedic scriptures. The flowers of the plant are very attractive, bell shaped and brownish yellow in color and about 2.5–3.5 cm long, opposite decussately arranged three flowers along with the axis of a densely fulvous-hairy terminal panicles. Almost all the parts of the plant are used as medicine like the root one of the ingredient of Dashmoola, bark in fever and dyspepsia, leaves as paste for headache, juice for wash ulcers, fruits for the hair growth, anaemia, leprosy, ulcers etc. Likewise the other parts of plant flowers are also used to treat leprosy and blood disorders. Thus the aim of this research work is to carryout pharmacognosical and phyto-physicochemical investigation of the flowers of G. arborea. Roxb. The results shows key characters for identification like the presence of various glandular and non-glandular trichomes, spiral vessels, epidermal cells etc. microscopically and presence of alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins etc. phytochemically. Flower microscopy brings scientific knowledge and understanding of floral characters helps in identification in the crude drugs in the powder form also. Till date no any detailed pharmacognostical, pharmaceutical work has been done on this flower.