Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2020)
Pharmacognostical and phytochemical analysis of leaf, stem and root of Cocculus hirsutus
Author(s): Khushboo Jethva, Dhara Bhatt, Maitreyi Zaveri
Abstract: Ethanomedicinal plant Cocculus hirsutus belonging to the family Menispermeace commonly known as Vevdi or vevati in Gujarat, India. Leaf, stem and root of Cocculus hirsutus were used for so many diseases as mentioned in any ancient literature. Pharmacognostical study of Cocculus hirsutus including the macroscopy and microscopy of leaf, stem and root of Cocculus hirsutus. Microscopical study of leaf, stem and root of Cocculus hirsutus were done by taking transverse section and examine powder microscopy. The study revealed the presence lamina and midrib regions in the transverse section of leaf. Surface of leaf consists of long and short unicellular trichomes with anomocytic stomata were found on lower epidermis only. Large amounts of sclerenchyma were present abaxial position, relative to protoxylem in the transverse section of stem. Transverse section of root of Cocculus hirsutus ceretenchymatous cells which is the main identifying character of this plant. As all the parts of plants contains different secondary metabolites having different activity, it will be further used for the treatment and management of different diseases.