Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2020)
Floristic diversity and composition of Dharampur hills in western Ghat, Gujarat
Author(s): Ayantika Das, Dr. Jigna Desai
Abstract: The present study primarily focused on the ecological status of Dharampur hill ranges. Data collection is done at an interval of fifteen days for the year 2017-2019 from fifty-six random sampling sites. The data was qualitatively analyzed by Jacquard’s similarity cluster of study sites based on similarity in the floristic composition. For quantitative analysis, we have applied the Important Value Index. The study area has 226 species of flowering plants belonging to 173 genera and 66 families, dominated by weeds indicating disturbed habitat resulting from the loss of biodiversity of the original forest vegetation, due to anthropogenic interferences. Fabaceae was the dominant family in the study region followed by Poaceae, and Asteraceae which were mostly annual weeds that able to survive in diverse ecological conditions. Observations revealed that ecological status is threatened due to human interventions, but the ecological balance can be restored with the conservation effort. The floral diversity of these hills to be monitored regularly to facilitate conservation activities to improve the environment of the area.