Vol. 5, Issue 3 (2020)
Hydrophytic flora of our environment: Their ethnic uses and pharmacological evaluation
Author(s): Bhagyeswari Behera, Kunja Bihari Satapathy
Abstract: Aquatic plants are those which live in water, can actively grow on the water surface as well as submerged in the water or can grow in marshy lands. The objective of the present communication is to evaluate the potency of hydrophytes towards nutritional, in agriculture, ecosystem pollution management and the most prominent pharmaceutical industry. Human infections caused by pathogens transmitted from fish and aquatic environments are quite common. And now to fight against these pathogens by using some aquatic plants are also quite achievable. The use of herbal medicine has long been considered as more effective and beneficial throughout the world than the synthetic drugs including antibiotics. It was reported that some hydrophytes such as Trapa natans (with antidiabetic, antibacterial, neuroprotective effect), Nymphoides indica (anticonvulsant, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, cytotoxic, antitumour, antimicrobial effect), Lippia javanica (anticancer, antiamoebic, antidiabetic, antimalarial, antioxidant, antiviral properties) are with potent curative properties. These hydrophytes are not only possess medicinal properties but also known to be responsible for various such effects like nutritional and economical properties with pollution management. Hydrilla verticillata is rated as the richest food source of calcium and used to improve digestion, gastrointestinal function, circulation, neurological health and blood sugar control. As any part of the plant contain some bioactive components and the knowledge of these components is important for making the drugs. This communication will give an indication to the future researchers to evaluate the secondary metabolites and find out the different antimicrobial as well as other curative properties of some unexploited hydrophytes which have ethnobotanical claims.