Vol. 5, Issue 6 (2020)
Insights into Mutagenesis Induced by Gamma radiations and Ethyl Methanesulphonate (EMS) in Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.)
Author(s): Shazia Bi Ansari, Roshan Jahan, Ruhul Amin, Saima Malik, Samiullah Khan
Abstract: To achieve global food security, we need innovative methods to ensure food safety by 2050 to feed estimated 9 billion populations. The major hurdle is climate change with adverse effect on sustainable production of food crops. Mutation breeding with the help of new technologies has been proven successful for the production of improved cultivars worldwide. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) is a leguminous herb with various food and medicinal values as food, fodder, spice, condiment and seed oil. The present study aims to create genetic variability using gamma radiations, EMS and combined treatments in two varieties of fenugreek viz., ‘Desi methi’ and ‘Metha’ for the improvement of qualitative and quantitative traits. Results showed inhibition in, seed germination, pollen fertility and plant survival while lower doses of mutagens showed improved yield and its attributing traits. Hence, it was observed that mutations successfully induced in fenugreek and putative mutant plants can be selected for establishment of cultivars by subsequent generations.