Vol. 5, Issue 6 (2020)
Commercial application of Chrysopogon zizanioides (Linn) a perennial grass in east Vidarbha India
Author(s): Rane VI, Suryawanshi BG
Abstract: Chrysopogon zizanioides is a persistent bunch grass of the family Poaceae, inherent to India, known as vetiver. It is identified as khas or khusgrass in the Vidarbha region. It is also recognized as useera and veera in Sanskrit and vala in Marathi. It founds in wetlands, margin of water bodies, particularly on the riverbanks and in rich marshy soil. It has been considered a source of high-class perfume. Two species of Chrysopogon are found in India, of which C. zizanioides is the common source of the well-known oil, which is used in medicine, in perfumery, and also recognized for conservation of soil and making a broom. Another species C. nemoralis is not effective as compared to C. zizanioides. The roots used for cooling purposes and for the extraction of the oil are obtained from the wild stock. Khas grass plays a chief role in the socio-economic life of rural India. In India, since olden times, the roots have been used for manufacturing screens, hand fans, cooler pans, mats, and baskets. Oil is useful in perfumery, cosmetics, and soaps and for flavorings sherbets (Indian cold drinks). The dried roots are also helpful in making perfumed linen clothes. Cattle and sheep feed on young leaves. Dried culms are useful for making brooms and thatching of huts. The pulp is suitable for manufacturing paper and strawboard. Details of khas grass availability and uses of roots in east Vidarbha are recorded in this study. Its commercial cultivation is recommended for the conservation of species.