Assessment of Plant Diversity and Soil Carbon Sequestration of Alice Garden and Department of Environmental Sciences in Savitribai Phule Pune University Campus
Swapnil Mawal, Pramod Kamble, Digambar Mokat
The present study was carried out for quantitative assessment of plant diversity and carbon sequestration of soil along with water content of Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU), Pune campus, Maharashtra. The study was conducted during June to September, 2019 laying 5 line transect and 5 list quadrats (10×10 m) followed by random visits, a total 121 plant species were recorded included 27 species at front site of Environmental Science Department, 20 species at its backside and 18 species in Alice garden located in the campus. The highest density and abundance was recorded near Environmental sciences Department e.g. Dalbergia melanoxylon, Cassia tora and Synedrella nodiflora. The highest distribution pattern were recorded of Cynodon dactylon (7.5%) Synedrella nodiflora (15.25%), Dalbergia melanoxylon (13.2%). This following six plant species were common in all three study area Pongamia pinnata, Bauhinia sp., Cassia sp. Phoenix sp., Synedrella nodiflora and Bambusa sp. (Similarity index 1.886%). Species of plant showed random to contagious pattern. Water content and organic carbon observed were similar in (31% and 20 %) all studied areas. Natural and anthropogenic activities are responsible for destruction of the plant diversity in this SPPU. Present studies gives overall understanding of diversity, soil carbon and its various types including water content which may be helpful in conservation of plant species in SPPU.