Phytochemical Screening of leaf extract of Ocimum gratissimum L. Var. Clocimum
Dr. Hanmant R Aglave
The ethanolic extracts of the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum L. Var. Clocimum were used in the present study. The plants were screened to evaluate the phytochemical screening of ethanolic extract of O.G. Phytochemical screening of the plants showed the presence of flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins and tannins. OG have alkaloids and saponins were present in appreciable amounts. Glycosides and phenols were present in moderate amounts while tannins, steroids, flavonoids, phlobatannins, and anthraquinones were present in minute quantities Cardenolides, terpenes were absent. The studies shows that the presence of flavonoids and tannins in all the plants is likely to be responsible for the free radical scavenging effects. Flavonoids and tannins are phenolic compounds and plant phenolics are a major group of compounds that act as primary antioxidants or free radical scavengers.