GC-MS fingerprinting of wild Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Steud) Wats. essential oil
Suchetha Muniraju, Thara Saraswathi KJ
Wild plants play an essential role in the ecological and biological processes that are yet again significant to life. The essential oil of Cymbopogon flexuosus (Lemongrass) was collected from Bannerghatta, Bangalore, and isolated by hydro-distillation. The present research evaluates the chemical composition of essential oil of wild Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex steud) Wats, growing in Bannerghatta, Bangalore, India. GC-MS analyses investigated the essential oil composition. The oil contains forty-eight compounds representing 98.107%. The major constituents were elemicin (33.616), d-gurjunene (13.494), a-cadinol (8.385), b-caryophyllene (7.288), b-bourbonene (4.499), limonene (4.405), a-bergamontene (3.926), camphene (3.334), patchoulene (2.146), a-pinene (1.199), b-elemene (1.695) and germacrene (1.387). The major component Elemicin attributes as antibacterial, antifungal, anti-allergic, anti-proliferative, and anti-cholinergic.