Effect of Azospirillium on quantity of saponin in roots of Chlorophytum borivilianum (Safed musli)
Saponin are naturally occurring glycoside widely distributed in plants. Saponin consists of a sapogenin as the aglycone moiety and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose, galactose, a pentose, or a methyl pentose. It exhibits antimicrobial properties, guarding your body against fungi, bacteria and viruses.at the same time, they improve immune function by stimulating the production of T-cells. Additionally, they act as antioxidants and scavenge oxidative stress. That’s why sapogenin used in some vaccines. These chemical compounds contain the 27 carbon atoms forming the core structures; spirostan and furostan. In present work author try to enlighten the influence of symbiotic association of Azospirillum (the nitrogen fixating bacteria) with root nodules of C. borivilianum on amount of saponin content in. C. borivilianum. To increase the percentage (amount) of saponin the treatment of nitrogen fixating bacteria was given the symbiotic association of nitrogen fixating bacteria with root nodules of plants help to increase the amount of biologically active constituent of plant also help to increase the fertility of soil.