An investigation on dandruff and development of a herbal antidandruff agent
Anita Joy, Mariat George, Sharon Stephen, Noel Sebastian
Dandruff is a major cosmetic concern in the world despite the availability of numerous antidandruff medications and products. It is a clinical condition caused by the lipophilic fungus Malassezia furfur. The present study is an honest attempt to isolate and identify the causative agent of dandruff, to test the efficacy of petroleum ether, ethanol and aqueous extracts of four medicinal plants-Wrightia tinctoria, Elephantopus scaber, Naregamia alata and Azadiracta indica in inhibiting the growth of the fungus, to compare the effectiveness of five widely used commercial antidandruff shampoos and finally to formulate a shampoo from the most effective plant extracts among these. Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Wrightia tinctoria leaf has notable potential in inhibiting the fungal growth and is used to formulate a herbal shampoo. The physico-chemical parameters, conditioning effect and the antifungal properties of the shampoo have been evaluated. The herbal shampoo exhibited better antimycotic activity compared to commercial antidandruff shampoos. The results suggest the potential of W.tinctoria leaf extract as an effective antidandruff agent.