Preliminary phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial potential of Terminalia arjuna (Roxb)Wight & Arn.
K M Khalkar, M R Bhamare, D S Khandbahale, K N Gaikawad
The aim of our current study was to explore the Preliminary photochemical analysis and antimicrobial potential of the diverse extracts of bark of the Terminalia arjuna plant. The diverse extracts such Acetone, Ethanol, aqueous extracts and petroleum ether exhibits comparable antimicrobial activity with the control.Some universal and available standard tests were done in order to test phytochemical screening. Agar well diffusion method was used to carry out antimicrobial bioassay. Five crude extracts were organized from the bark of the plant Terminalia arjuna by soxhlet method using different solvents. The extracts were subjected to screening in order to detect preliminary photochemical analysis and possible antimicrobial activity against E. coli, Salmonella typhi,Klebsiella pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus and fungal strain Candida albicans as standard using the agar well diffusion method. Phytochemical screening showed the active compounds presence in elevated concentration. The active compounds included flavonoids, phytosterol, phenolic-compounds, tannins & glycosides and lactones. The extract’s antimicrobial activity showed superior inhibition zone against gram-negative bacteria. The Terminalia arjuna bark extract exposed the presence of bio-active constituents. These constituents are known to show signs of physiological and medicinal activities.
K M Khalkar, M R Bhamare, D S Khandbahale, K N Gaikawad. Preliminary phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial potential of Terminalia arjuna (Roxb)Wight & Arn.. International Journal of Botany Studies, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2022, Pages 136-141