Varietal difference in physiological activities of vigna radiata during different seed storage container
Sanjay Siddhapura*, Smit Sindhav, Dilip Bhayani, Dhanki Abhishek, B A Jadeja
The seed is that the first biological process part and also the basic variety of adaptation of upper plants to extant in unfavourable environmental conditions. Seed aging is a natural process and affected by types of storage container and varieties of seeds and decrease their viability. Aging involves progressive physiological changes over time. One of the main physiological changes is an excessive production of free radicles i.e. electrical conductivity. If the electrical conductivity is too high, it causes destruction of the structure of lipid membranes, carbohydrates, proteins, and DNA. Current research study report include different 3 type of storage containers Cotton bag (S1), Jute bag (S2) and Polythene bag (S3) were utilised for the storage of Vigna radiata (mungbean) seeds of 3 variety Gujarat-4 (M1), GAM-5 (M2) and Virat (M3) under ambient warmth and comparative dampness for a time of 1.5 years (18 month). Specific amount of the seeds from respectively storage container were taken after 90 days. Initally 0 days to 540 days intervals were denoted by T1 to T7 respectively and experiments were performed for physiological changes observations. The electrical conductivity of seed leachate was higher in the variety Virat (0.487 mSiemens/cm) as compared to Gujarat-4 and GAM-5 as 0.469 mSiemens/cm and 0.421 mSiemens/cm respectively after storage of 540 days in Jute bag. Maximum deviation observed in Virat varieties stored in Jute bag while minimum i.e. 0.341 mSiemens/cm in GAM-5 in polythene bag. Standard germination, Length of Seedling and Field emergence were observed inversely as compared to electrical conductivity. The seeds preserved in Polyethylene bag showed least physiological deviation as compared to Cotton and Jute bag. The objective of current research work was confirming the reasons of seed aging and determining its consequences for future.
Sanjay Siddhapura*, Smit Sindhav, Dilip Bhayani, Dhanki Abhishek, B A Jadeja. Varietal difference in physiological activities of vigna radiata during different seed storage container. International Journal of Botany Studies, Volume 7, Issue 4, 2022, Pages 33-40