Survey of aromatic plants in Kalakkadu Panchayath, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India
Lakshmanan R, Gangadevi S, Thamayanthi J
The current study was carried out in Kalakkadu panchayath to identify the major aromatic plant species in the wild. The study area is in Tirunelveli District, which is located in the southern tip of peninsular India and has a rich diversity of plants scattered across the district's hills and hillocks. However, published data on the survey of aromatic plants in Kalakkadu Panchayath, Tirunelveli district, Tamilnadu are scant, and reports on the survey of aromatic plants in the selected area are scarce. As a result, the current research was conducted to survey the aromatic plants of Kalakkadu Panchayath, Tirunelveli District, and Tamil Nadu. The study discovered 33 aromatic plant species from 28 genera and 21 families.The primary source of aromatic plant in terms of the number of species is Trees (9), Shrubs (10), herbs (11) and Climbers (3). The higher number of species falls in the Lamiaceae (5) family followed by Piperacea (3), Oleaceae (2), Zingiberacea (2), Rutaceae (2), Liliaceae (2). Familes like Rosaceae, Solanaceae, Poaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Anacardiaceae, Lythraceae, Pandanaceae, Santalaceae, Apiaceae, Meliaceae are represented with single species. Lamiaceae is the dominant family. Of the various plant parts which are having aromatic nature leaves of 10 plant species, followed by root/rhizomes/tubers of 2 plant species, whole plant of 12 plant one species, fruit of 2 species, bark of plant species, flowers of 1 plant species, show aromatic properties. Within the documented data, 29 species are dicots and 4 species are monocots. Among these 33 plants, 17 plants emanate musky (perfume) like odor, 2 plants emanate, putid smell, 8 plants for pungent odor, 4 plants emanate floral like odor, 2 plants for peppermint like odor emanated from different parts of the plants. There is an obvious need to investigate aromatic medicinal plants of sustainable genetic resource utilization, which will also add new aspects to medicinal and aromatic plant garden management. The conservation of valuable aromatic medicinal plants would increase the wealth of the forest and, as a result, the nation.
Lakshmanan R, Gangadevi S, Thamayanthi J. Survey of aromatic plants in Kalakkadu Panchayath, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Botany Studies, Volume 7, Issue 6, 2022, Pages 34-41