Propagation studies on threatened and medicinally important Rauvolfia serpentina (L.)Benth. ex Kurz through stem and root cuttings
Mokat D N, Salvi P P, Kamble P N, Awale M S, Kharat T D, Mahadam P D
Rauvolfia serpentina (L.)Benth. ex Kurz is one of the most important medicinal plants and is listed as critically endangered species by the IUCN. The dry roots of the R. serpentina is the economic component containing a variety of alkaloids such as reserpine, rescinnamine, deserpidine, ajamalacine, ajmaline, neoajmaline, serpentine, a-yohimbine and etc. It is majorly used as antihypertensive and as sedative. The species has become endangered through the exploitation and extraction of these roots and therefore, immediate steps need to be taken for conservation. So, in this context the present study on the propagation of R. serpentina was conducted by treating semi-hard wood stem and root cuttings for rooting with different indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) concentrations. The 18-24 months old plants were used as propagating material which had resulted in maximum survival percentage of 65% in semi hard wood cutting whereas, 78% survival observed in the root cuttings treated with 100 ppm of IBA. Over the last two decades, demand for the Serpentine roots has increased by many folds. However, the availability of the planting material is very limited for large scale cultivation. So, in order to increase the availability of the Quality Planting Materials (QPMs), we have studied the propagation through stem and root cuttings.
Mokat D N, Salvi P P, Kamble P N, Awale M S, Kharat T D, Mahadam P D. Propagation studies on threatened and medicinally important Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz through stem and root cuttings. International Journal of Botany Studies, Volume 7, Issue 6, 2022, Pages 69-78